Sinemet 275mg Tablets
Sinemet 275mg tablets improve the signs of Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a long-term illness where you become slow and unsteady. Your muscles feel stiff you may develop shaking or trembling (called tremor). If not treated, Parkinson’s disease can make it hard to continue your normal daily activities. Sinemet contains two different medicines called: levodopa and carbidopa. Levodopa turns into a material called dopamine in your brain.
Dopamine helps to improve the signs of Parkinson’s disease. Carbidopa belongs to a group of medicines called aromatic amino acid decarboxylase inhibitors. As a result, it helps levodopa work more effectively by slowing the speed at which levodopa breaks down in your body.
What SINEMET is for
SINEMET is used to treat some of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. It is a disease of the nervous system that mainly affects body movement. The three main symptoms are shaking (tremor), muscle stiffness, and slow and unsteady movement.
People with Parkinson’s disease often walk with a shuffle as they have difficulty initiating movement. If untreated, Parkinson’s disease can cause a problem in performing normal daily activities.
SINEMET is most helpful in improving slow movement and muscle stiffness. It is also frequently useful in treating shaking, difficulty in swallowing, and drooling.
The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are due to a lack of dopamine, a naturally occurring chemical produced by specific brain cells. Dopamine relays messages in the part of the brain that controls muscle movement.
SINEMET contains two active ingredients, levodopa, and carbidopa. Levodopa is a chemical closely related to dopamine which allows the body to make its dopamine. Carbidopa makes sure that enough levodopa gets to the brain where it is needed.
SINEMET slowly releases the levodopa and carbidopa. As a result, it keeps the amount of levodopa in your brain as even as possible. In many patients, SINEMET reduces some of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
Your doctor may have prescribed SINEMET for another reason. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why you have a prescription of SINEMET Before you take SINEMET 275mg tablets.
When you must not take Sinemet 275mg tablets
Do not take SINEMET if:
• you have any unusual skin lumps or moles which your doctor has not examined, or if you have ever had skin cancer or melanoma
• are receiving treatment for depression, for instance, with certain medicines called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI). Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether you are taking one of these medicines.
• you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Levodopa, one of the components of SINEMET, is passed into human milk.
• the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
• the expiry date on the pack has passed. It may not work.
Additionally, if you are not sure whether you should start taking SINEMET, talk to your doctor.
Use in children
Do not give SINEMET to a child or teenager below 18 unless advised by the child’s doctor.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if:
1. you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant. Your doctor will discuss the possible risks and benefits of using SINEMET during pregnancy.
2. you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
– depression or mental disturbances
– heart disease, including irregular heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia
– lung disease, including asthma
– kidney, liver, or hormonal problems
– convulsions or fits
– peptic ulcer disease
3. you have any allergies to any other medicines or any other substances, such as foods, preservatives, or dyes.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before taking any SINEMET 275mg tablets.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
- First, abnormal, uncontrolled movements, which may or may not resemble your Parkinson’s symptoms.
- Feeling sick (also called nausea), vomiting, loss of appetite.
- Dizziness, light-headedness when standing quickly.
- Dry mouth.
- Discoloration of urine, sweat, and saliva.
- Dream abnormalities, sleeping difficulty.
- Sleepiness or sudden onset of sleep.
- And finally, hair loss
Lastly, do not crush or chew this medication. Doing so can release all of the drugs at once, increasing the risk of side effects. Also, do not split the tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing.