Salmonellae are ubiquitous human and animal pathogens. Salmonellosis is a disease that is common throughout the world. In humans it usually takes the form of a self-limiting food poisoning (gastroenteritis), but occasionally manifests as a serious systemic infection (enteric fever) which requires prompt antibiotic treatment. In addition, it causes substantial losses of livestock.
This test looks for salmonella bacteria in your stool. Having these bacteria in your stool means you have a salmonella infection. You can get salmonella if you eat food contaminated by animal feces. Also, one can contaminate food during processing; when raw meat comes in contact with other foods. Ensure that you prepare food until cooked to avoid getting this bacteria.