Diabetes foot problemsLillian Motanya
Oh no! my feet hurt! They also tingle; could it be neuropathy? Read through this article and know the causes
If you have diabetes, you are prone to experience several foot problems. Some could be due to nerve damage, known as neuropathy, while others could be due to other reasons. However, the major common ones are neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease.
Neuropathy occurs when the nerves have been damaged due to poorly controlled sugars, usually prolonged. When you have neuropathy, your feet become numb. You can hardly feel pain, irritation, or any infection on your feet. Numbness increases your risk of cuts, blisters, and even sores. For this reason, we advise one to check their feet for any of the above regularly. Once you notice a scar or an infection, kindly seek treatment to avoid foot ulcers or gangrene.w
On the other hand, peripheral vascular disease is where there are changes in your blood vessels. The vessels get blocked by fatty deposits. As a result, there is pain, infections, and wounds that take time to heal.
-Foot symptoms include a loss of feeling
-numbness or tingling sensation
-skin discoloration and temperature changes
-blisters or other wounds without pain
-wounds with or without drainage
Complications arising from peripheral vascular disease and neuropathy include
-foot ulcers or wounds that do not heal
-infections; skin infections, bone infections, and abscesses
-gangrene, when an infection causes tissue death
How can you prevent foot problems?
-Keep your feet clean to prevent infections
-Control your sugars
-Examine your feet daily for cuts, sores, or infections
-Wear protective shoes
-Exercise-When seated, raise your feet
Other common foot problems include
-Athlete’s foot- this is a fungus that leads to redness, itching, and cracking. It can be treated with antifungals.
-Calluses-A callus is when hard skin develops. Skin problems or poorly fitting shoes may cause them. It is advisable to use a pumice stone to prevent callus. Treatment usually involves removing them
-Dry skin-you may experience dry skin that can cause cracks. Always moisturize your feet to prevent getting cracks. Use moisturizing soaps and lotions. Your doctor can advise you on the best one to use. Read more on neuropathy here https://blog.dmrckenya.co.ke/diabetic-neuropathy/